E-commerce SEO: A Simple Guide for Beginners

E-commerce SEO: A Simple Guide for Beginners


With the ever-increasing competition in the e-commerce space, simply having a website is no longer enough. Businesses need to implement effective strategies to drive more traffic and increase sales. This is where e-commerce SEO becomes vital. 

The e-commerce business is growing and is expected to show an annual growth rate of 9.47% (CAGR 2024-2029). With millions of online stores vying for the top spots in search results, the importance of SEO for an e-commerce website cannot be overlooked. 

In this comprehensive guide, we’ll explore its importance and explain the value of an SEO strategy for e-commerce websites. 

What is Ecommerce SEO?  

The role of SEO in e-commerce is to boost a website’s presence on SERP. It is done by understanding what keywords your target audience uses when searching for products, and then optimizing your website’s content and structure to rank higher for those keywords. 

The goal of e-commerce SEO is to attract more organic (non-paid) traffic to your website by improving your rankings for relevant search queries. This can lead to increased visibility, more website visitors, and ultimately, more sales. 

Research indicates that click-through rates (CTR) decrease significantly as you move down the search engine results page (SERP). Featured snippets, which appear at the top of the SERP, have an average CTR of 42.9%. The first organic result on the SERP receives a CTR of 39.8% 

To achieve this, there are several SEO strategies for an e-commerce website: 

Keyword Research:

Identifying the keywords and phrases that your target audience is using to search for products similar to yours. 

Technical SEO:

Ensuring that your website is technically optimized for search engines. This includes improving site speed, fixing broken links, and optimizing URL structures. 

Content Marketing:

Creating high-quality, relevant content that attracts links and shares, which can help improve your website’s authority and rankings. 

User Experience (UX) Optimization:

Ensuring that your website is easy to navigate is one of the important SEO strategies for e-commerce sites. It provides a seamless shopping experience for users. 

Why is SEO Important for Ecommerce Websites? 

SEO for an e-commerce website is vital for several reasons: 

Increased Visibility:

SEO helps e-commerce websites rank higher in search engine results pages (SERPs) for relevant keywords. When a website appears on the first page of search results, it’s more likely to be visited by potential customers. 

Organic Traffic:

A well-optimized e-commerce site attracts more organic traffic, which means visitors who find the site through search engines without the business having to pay for ads. This can lead to cost savings in marketing and advertising. 

Improved User Experience:

E-commerce SEO involves optimizing the website’s structure, content, and navigation, which enhances the overall user experience. A better user experience can lead to higher conversion rates, as visitors are more likely to make a purchase if they can easily find what they’re looking for. 

Brand Awareness:

Ranking high in search results helps build brand awareness. Even if users don’t click on your website, seeing your brand name at the top of the search results can increase recognition and credibility. 

Competitive Advantage:

An SEO strategy for e-commerce websites can give businesses an edge over their competition. By appearing higher in search results, an e-commerce website can attract more customers than its competitors. 

On-page SEO for Ecommerce Product Page 

The role of on-page SEO in e-commerce is vital to help rank product pages in search engines and attract potential customers. Here’s how you can optimize various elements of a product page for SEO: 

1. URL:  

The URL of your product page plays a crucial role. It should be concise and include the product name, as this helps both users and search engines understand what the page is about. Using hyphens to separate words in the URL enhances readability and makes it more search-engine-friendly. Avoiding special characters and unnecessary details ensures that the URL is clean and easy to remember. A well-structured URL can significantly improve the visibility of your product page in search results, making it easier for potential customers to find your products online. 

2. Heading Tag (H1):  

The H1 tag is used for the main title of your product page. It is vital as it serves as the main headline for your product page. It should clearly include the product name and provide a descriptive overview, as this directly communicates to both customers and search engines the primary focus of the page. It’s important to use only one H1 tag per page to avoid confusion and maintain a clear hierarchy of information. 

3. Body Tag (Content):  

For e-commerce, the body content of your product page is crucial. Use clear and descriptive language to describe your product. Highlight important details like features and benefits to give customers a good understanding of what you’re offering. Organize the content with subheadings to make it easy to read and navigate. This not only helps customers find what they’re looking for but also allows search engines to better understand and rank your product page. 

4.  Schema Markup (Structured Data):  

Schema markup is a type of code that you add to your product page to help search engines understand specific details about your product, such as its name, price, and availability. By including this information in a structured format, search engines can display it more prominently in search results, often in the form of rich snippets.  

Schema markup is an important aspect of e-commerce SEO as it allows users to quickly see key details about your product directly in the search results. Using schema markup is a powerful way to improve the online presence of your products and increase their chances of being noticed by potential buyers. 

5. Image Alt Tags:  

Image alt tags are text descriptions added to your product images. They serve two important purposes. First, they help search engines understand the content of the images, which can improve your product page’s visibility in search results. Second, alt tags are essential for visually impaired customers who rely on screen readers to browse the internet. The screen reader reads out the alt text, providing these customers with a description of the image. To be effective, make sure your alt tags are clear and descriptive, accurately reflecting what’s shown in the image. 

6. Metadata:  

This is crucial for your product page as it directly impacts how your page appears in search results. The title tag is essentially the name of your page that shows up in search results, so it should be clear and include the name of your product. The meta description is a brief summary of your page that appears under the title in search results.  

It should also be concise and include your product name. Both the title tag and meta description are important because they give potential customers a quick overview of your product and can influence whether they click through to your page. 

Technical SEO Clean-up  

This is essential for the overall performance and ranking of your e-commerce site. Here are some aspects of technical SEO cleanup you need to know when doing SEO for an e-commerce website: 

1. Hreflang:  

The hreflang tag is used to inform search engines about the language and regional version of a webpage. It’s particularly important for websites that have content in multiple languages or target different regions. By using this tag, you can help prevent duplicate content issues, as search engines can understand that similar pages are intended for different audiences.  

Additionally, it improves the user experience by directing users to the version of the site that is most relevant to their language and region. This can lead to higher engagement and better performance in search results for each targeted audience. 

2. Sitemap:  

It is essentially a map of your website that lists all the pages available for users and search engines to access. It’s a crucial tool for search engines to discover and index your content efficiently. By providing a sitemap, you ensure that search engines are aware of all your product pages, including any new ones or updates.  

This is an especially important e-commerce SEO element for sites with a large number of products, as it helps improve the visibility of your pages in search results, making it easier for potential customers to find your products. 

3. Canonicals:  

Canonical tags are used to tell search engines which version of a page is the preferred one when there are multiple pages with similar or duplicate content. This is particularly important for e-commerce sites that might have multiple URLs for the same product due to variations like color or size.  

By using canonical tags, you can avoid being penalized for duplicate content and ensure that the right page is indexed and ranked in search results. This helps maintain the integrity of your site’s SEO and ensures that customers are directed to the correct product page. 

4. Page Speed:  

The speed at which your pages load is very important for both the experience of your users and how well your site ranks in search engine results. Pages that load quickly are more likely to keep visitors on your site and have a better chance of ranking higher in search results. This is because search engines, like Google, consider page speed as a factor in their ranking algorithms.  

Faster pages provide a better user experience, leading to higher engagement, lower bounce rates, and ultimately, better SEO performance. 

5. Internal Linking:  

A strong internal linking structure is important for spreading page authority across your site and making it easier for users to navigate. By linking related pages to each other, you help search engines understand the hierarchy and importance of your pages. This e-commerce SEO strategy can improve the visibility of your pages in search results and make it easier for users to find relevant information.  

Good internal linking also helps distribute ‘link juice’ or authority from one page to another, which can boost the SEO performance of individual pages. 

6. Mobile Responsive:  

As more people use mobile devices to browse the internet, it’s crucial to have a mobile-responsive site. As per expert insights, in 2023, mobile e-commerce sales amounted to $2.2 trillion, representing 60 percent of global e-commerce sales. This is a good enough reason to adjust your site’s layout and content to fit the screen size of different devices, ensuring it’s easy to use and read.  

Mobile responsiveness is a key factor in search engine rankings because search engines prioritize sites that provide a good user experience on mobile. A mobile-friendly site can lead to better engagement, lower bounce rates, and improved SEO performance. 

7. Website Architecture:  

The way your website is organized, or its architecture, should make sense and be easy for both people and search engines to navigate. A well-structured website makes it easier for visitors to find what they’re looking for and for search engines to understand and index your content.  

This can lead to better user experience and improved search engine rankings, as search engines favor sites that are user-friendly and well-organized. A logical website structure also helps in distributing link authority effectively across your site, which can enhance the SEO performance of individual pages. 

Link Building Strategies for E-commerce  

Link building is a crucial aspect of SEO for e-commerce websites. It helps improve your site’s visibility, credibility, and ranking on search engines. Here are some effective link-building strategies for e-commerce sites: 

1. Resource Page Link Building 

Resource pages are curated lists of links to useful websites and resources within a particular niche. To leverage this strategy, identify relevant resource pages in your industry and reach out to the site owners or webmasters.  

Request that they include a link to your e-commerce site, highlighting how your content or products can add value to their page. For example, if you sell eco-friendly products, look for resource pages dedicated to sustainable living and suggest adding your site as a resource. 

2. Partnering with Influencers

Collaborating with influencers in your niche can be a powerful way to gain high-quality backlinks. Influencers often have websites or blogs where they share content related to their interests. Partner with them to create sponsored posts, product reviews, or giveaways that include a link back to your e-commerce site. This not only provides a valuable backlink but also exposes your brand to a wider audience. 

3. Broken Link Building

This strategy involves finding broken links on relevant websites and suggesting your site as a replacement. Use tools like Ahrefs or Screaming Frog to identify broken links in your niche. Then, reach out to the website owners and propose that they replace the broken link with a link to a similar page on your e-commerce site. This approach is beneficial for both parties, as it helps them fix a poor user experience while providing you with a backlink. 

4. Stealing Competitor’s Links

Don’t worry, it is not actually stealing something. It’s more about identifying opportunities where your content or products could also be relevant and valuable to the same audience. You’re not removing or taking away your competitor’s links; instead, you’re trying to earn your own links from the same sources by providing additional or better resources.  

You can use tools to see where their links are coming from. Reach out to these websites and offer your content or products as a better or additional resource. This not only helps you gain backlinks but also enables you to tap into your competitors’ audiences. 

It’s a competitive strategy that’s commonly used in SEO to improve your website’s visibility and reach. 

Role of Hosting in E-commerce SEO 

Hosting plays a crucial role in SEO for e-commerce websites. Here’s how. 

1. Page Load Speed:  

A good hosting service can significantly improve the loading speed of your e-commerce website. Faster page load speed is crucial for e-commerce SEO, as search engines like Google consider site speed as a ranking factor. Faster sites also provide a better user experience, leading to higher engagement and conversion rates. 

2. Uptime:  

A reliable hosting service ensures that your e-commerce website has high uptime, meaning it’s accessible to users and search engines most of the time. Frequent downtime can negatively impact your site’s SEO rankings, as search engines may interpret it as a sign of an unreliable website. 

3. Security:  

Secure hosting is essential for e-commerce websites, as they handle sensitive customer information like credit card details and personal data. SSL certificates, regular backups, and security measures provided by the hosting service can protect your site from hacking and data breaches, which can otherwise harm your SEO efforts and brand reputation. 

4. Scalability:  

As your e-commerce business grows, your hosting needs may change. A good hosting provider should offer scalable solutions to accommodate increased traffic and data without compromising site performance. Scalability ensures that your site remains fast and reliable, even during traffic spikes, which is crucial for maintaining your SEO rankings. 

5. Location:  

The physical location of your hosting servers can affect your site’s loading speed for users in different regions. For e-commerce websites targeting a specific geographic area, choosing a hosting provider with servers located near that region can improve site speed and SEO performance for local users. 

The value of SEO in e-commerce is huge and should not be overlooked. While you focused on a user-friendly website that beautifully showcases your products, you still need to appear when customers are looking for them. 

With the right mix of e-commerce SEO strategies, you can put your site on the top of the SERP list. Just follow this guide. You can begin your efforts while you are planning your hosting approach. Remember to choose a memorable domain name for your site, which is also an important SEO aspect. BigRock provides an AI Domain Name Generator to help establish your online identity. 

In case you have any doubts, queries or feedback for this article, please share them in the comments section below.


Web hosting specialist with a knack for creativity and a passion for baking, serving up tech solutions with a side of sweetness.